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Arctic Report Card: Update for 2015

Warmer air and sea, declining ice continue to trigger Arctic change

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Photos and Animations for 2015 Report Card

Scenery (also see photos used in video, below)

Arctic snow melt June 28, 2014, Central Arctic Management Area (collection)
Photos by Bob Wick, Wilderness Specialist for the BLM's National Conservation Lands

Arctic snow covered tundra in winter, January 19, 2014
Credit: John Winkelman

Alaska National Guard fights Alaska wildfires, June 26, 2015
Credit: Sherman Hogue

Smoke from fire on Lower mouth fire on Yukon Flats National Wildlife Refuge
Credit: Kennedy Laura, U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service

Dramatic sky over sandfjorden 7-11-05
Credit: Jon Bowen

Spectacular tundra foliage, Sami village Teriberka, Kola Peninsula, Russia, September 17, 2015
Credit: ninara

Sailing Ilulissat Icefjord, Greenland, (collection, September 9, 2015
Credit: Greenland Travel

Ilulissat Icefjord, Greenland (collection July 28, 2014)
Credit: Patrick Rasenberg

Permafrost thaw, July 7, 2014

Credit: NPS Climate Change Response

Permafrost thaw and coastal erosion on the Beaufort Sea, August 2013
Credit: Awing88

Sea Ice

Sea ice with interlocking melt pools
Credit: Collection of Dr. Pablo Clemente-Colon, Chief Scientist National Ice Center.

Spring shorefast sea ice
Credit: Bering Land Bridge National Preserve

Video: Age of Arctic Sea Ice in March 1987-2014 YouTube & mp4

Animals (also see photos used in video, below)

Walrus Cows and Yearlings on Ice
Credit: USFWS/Joel Garlich-Miller

Walrus on shore, Svalbard
Credit: Airflore

Walrus on land
Credit: Polar Cruises

Polar Bear near North Pole side view & front view & moving
Credit: Christopher Michel

Arctic Cod resting in ice-covered space, Beaufort Sea, October 2010
Credit: Shawn Harper. Credit: Hidden Ocean 2005 Expedition: NOAA Office of Ocean Exploration

Humpback whales with kittiwakes, Svalbard, July 5, 2014 (part of collection)
Credit: Allan Hopkins

Photos & Animations from the Video

Image: Big Country for a Lone Hiker (Delong Mountains)
Credit: Western Arctic National Parklands

Image: Anomaly pattern (map) of near surface air temperatures
Source: NOAA ESRL Physical Sciences Division

Animation of the Ice Albedo Feedback
Credit: NASA/GSFC Conceptual Image Lab

Image: Delta Wild and Scenic River Watershed
Photo by Bob Wick, Bureau of Land Management

Animation of 2015 Arctic Sea Ice
Image of Sept 11, 2015 Arctic sea ice minimum extent with average from 1981-2010
Credit: NASA's Scientific Visualization Studio

Images: Maps of Sea ice age in March 1985 and 2015
Source: Arctic Report Card 2015: Sea Ice: Figure 4.3

Image: Arctic Marine Food Web
Figure from National Climate Assessment Indigenous Peoples Chapter
Figure source: NOAA NCDC

Image: Polar bear on thin ice
Credit: Christopher Michel

Image: Walrus in water
Photo Credit: Kit Kovacs and Christian Lydersen, NPI

Images: Distribution of fish communities in the Barents Sea in 2004 and 2012
Caption: comparison of the fish communities between the beginning of the Ecosystem Survey taken in the Barents Sea in 2004 (a) and the survey in 2012 (b), indicates a significant change in distribution. The Atlantic (red) and central (yellow) communities (boreal fish species) have shifted north and east, taking over areas previously occupied by the Arctic (blue) community (arctic fish species). Data are available only for the shaded areas. (After Fig. 1 in Fossheim et al. 2015.)
Arctic Report Card 2015: Borealization of the Fish Community: Figure 10.2

Image: Cod from a trawling catch
Photo credit: GennadiiD

Image: Esmarksbreen, Svalbard
Credit: Niels Elgaard Larsen

Image: Winter in the Lower Noatak Basin
Photo Credit: Western Arctic National Parklands, Bureau of Land Management

Image: Delta Wild and Scenic River Watershed
Photo by Bob Wick, Bureau of Land Management

Image: Skookum tundra
Credit: Bering Land Bridge National Preserve

Image: Greenland tundra
Photo credit: Jerzy Strzelecki

Image: Snow depth anomaly (June snow cover)
Arctic Report Card 2015: Terrestrial Snow Cover: Figure 2.3

Image: Geopotential height anomalies in Winter 2015 (Atmospheric pressure patterns)
Arctic Report Card 2015: Surface Air Temperature: Figure 1.4

Image: Land surface temperature anomaly (acquired May 17-24, 2015) (US/Canada)
Credit: NASA Earth Observatory maps by Joshua Stevens

Images: Alaska National Guard fights Alaska wildfire & second image of same
Credit: Sherman Hogue

Image: 2015 February snow in Northampton Massachusetts
Credit: Nic McPhee

Image: Commonwealth Avenue during a Snow Storm, Boston, Feb 14, 2015
Credit: bettlebrox

Image: February15 snow on Central Square sidewalk in Cambridge Massachusetts
Credit: Peter Enyeart

Image: Q train pulls into Cortelyou Rd. station in Brooklyn, New York in snow
Credit: Metropolitan Transportation Authority of the State of New York

Image: November 26, 2014 Storm - Morgan County, West Virginia
Credit: Jrmichae

Image: Delta Wild and Scenic River Watershed (tributary of Yukon River)
Photo Credit: Delta WSR, Bureau of Land Management

Image: Река Енисей, Алтайский район (The river Yenisei, Altai region)
Photo Credit: Elteko Yulia

Image: Севрная Двина у Котласа. Вид из окна поезда, идущего по мосту (Northern Dvina at Kotlas. View from the window of the train, walking on the bridge)
Photo Credit: Georg Pik

Image: Закат на Северной Двине: Архангельская область, Котлас, город Котлас (Sunset on the Northern Dvina: Arkhangelsk region, Kotlas, Kotlas)
Photo Credit: Людмила Миг

Image: Северная Двина у Котласа в ноябре 2012 (Northern Dvina River with ice from Kotlas in November 2012)
Photo Credit: Georg Pik

Images: Pie charts of Arctic vs Global river discharge & ocean area
Credit: NOAA PMEL

Image: Tundra greening
Credit: Gerald V. Frost

Images: Tundra field survey work & tundra & tundra closeup with frost-killed leaves
Photos provided by Skip Walker via Howard Epstein

Image: Tundra with streams: Valley of Bierikjåhkå in Sarek National Park with views to the southwest
Credit: Ökologix

Image: Muskox in Dovrefjell National Park near Kongsvoll, Norway
Credit: ThartmannWiki

Image: Permafrost thaw slump
Caption: Slump D on Qikiqtaruk-Herschel Island on the Yukon Coast of the Western Canadian Arctic. This is one of the largest retrogressive thaw slumpsin the North American Arctic extending for over a kilometre in length and with a headwall that is over 30 m high. Each year this slump thaws expands by over 12 m back into undisturbed tussock tundra (Lantuit et al. 2012).
Reference: Lantuit, Hugues, et al. "Modern and late Holocene retrogressive thaw slump activity on the Yukon coastal plain and Herschel Island, Yukon Territory, Canada." Permafrost and Periglacial Processes 23.1 (2012): 39-51.
Photo Credit: Isla Myers-Smith

Image: Greenland ice sheet (east coast, view from plane)
Credit: Hannes Grobe

Image: Greenland ice sheet, closer view
Photo Credit: M. Tedesco

Image: Inlandsis rivière Groenland 2009 Expédition ACarré
Credit: Halorache

Video: Greenland glacier
Credit: Greenpeace

Image: View on Scoresby Sund, East Greenland
Photo Credit: Hannes Grobe, AWI

Visual graphics highlights from Climate.gov
Additional Arctic images are available from the Arctic Zone Gallery of Images

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