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About the 2013 Report Card

November 13, 2013

The Arctic Report Card (hereafter the Report Card) has been issued annually since 2006. It is a timely and peer-reviewed source for clear, reliable and concise environmental information on the current state of different components of the Arctic environmental system relative to historical records. The Report Card is intended for a wide audience, including scientists, teachers, students, decision-makers and the general public interested in the Arctic environment and science.

Report Card 2013 is organized into five sections: Atmosphere; Sea Ice & Ocean; Marine Ecosystem; Terrestrial Ecosystem; and Terrestrial Cryosphere. This year there are 18 essays prepared by an international team of 147 scientists from 14 different countries, assisted by section coordinators and the editorial team.

A number of essays in Report Card 2013 are on topics not previously covered in any Report Card (Black Carbon in the Arctic; Sea Ice Biota; Marine Fish of the Arctic; Muskox) or which did not appear in Report Card 2012 (Lake Ice).

Many essays are on topics covered all or in part in Report Card 2012: Air Temperature; Cloud Cover and Surface Radiation Budget; Ozone; UV Radiation; Sea Ice; Ocean Temperature and Salinity; Arctic Benthic Communities; Vegetation; Migratory Tundra Rangifer (Caribou and Reindeer); Snow; Mountain Glaciers and Ice Caps (Outside Greenland); Greenland Ice Sheet; Permafrost. A number of the physical science essays are updates to articles in the Arctic chapter of the State of the Climate in 2012 report published in the Bulletin of the American Meteorological Society.

People occasionally ask questions such as "How are essay topics selected?" or "Why is topic X not in the Arctic Report Card?" Briefly, each annual update strives to include a balance of new and recurrent topics, and thus cover many topics over a period of years. In this way we can achieve a level of comprehensiveness over time that is not possible in a single annual update due to the tight production schedule. A complete list of topics covered since the first publication of the Report Card in 2007 is available at Previous Report Cards.

The Circumpolar Biodiversity Monitoring Program (CBMP) of the Conservation of Arctic Flora and Fauna (CAFF) Working Group of the Arctic Council solicited essays for the Marine Ecosystem and Terrestrial Ecosystem sections. Independent peer-review of Report Card 2013 was organized by the Arctic Monitoring and Assessment Programme of the Arctic Council.

The section coordinators are:

Mike Gill, Canadian Wildlife Service, Environment Canada & CAFF/CBMP
Marine Ecosystem
Sue Moore, NOAA/Fisheries Office of Science and Technology
Marine Ecosystems
James Overland, NOAA Pacific Marine Environmental Laboratory
Michael Svoboda, Canadian Wildlife Service, Environment Canada & CAFF/CBMP
Terrestrial Ecosystems
Mary-Louise Timmermans, Yale University
Sea Ice & Ocean
Marco Tedesco, National Science Foundation & The City College of New York
Terrestrial Cryosphere

The editorial team is:

Martin Jeffries, U.S. Arctic Research Commission & University of Alaska Fairbanks
James Overland, NOAA Pacific Marine Environmental Laboratory
Jackie Richter-Menge, US Army Corps of Engineers, Cold Regions Research and Engineering Laboratory

Click to see essay Authors and Affiliations and a full list of References.

How to cite the 2013 Arctic Report Card

Citing the complete report:
Jeffries, M.O., J.A. Richter-Menge, and J.E. Overland, Eds., 2013: Arctic Report Card 2013,

Citing an essay (example):
Derksen, C. and R. Brown, 2013: Snow [in Arctic Report Card 2013],

Media Contact Information

Monica Allen
Director of NOAA Communications & External Affairs
@ NOAA Office of Oceanic & Atmospheric Research


Martin Jeffries was supported by the U.S. Arctic Research Commission. Jackie Richter-Menge and James Overland were supported by the Arctic Research Program in the NOAA Climate Program Office. The Website has been coordinated and developed by Nancy N. Soreide, Tracey Nakamura, and James Overland of the NOAA Pacific Marine Environmental Laboratory. The Greenland photograph in the banner of the website was provided by Jakob Sievers. Acknowledgments for individual essays are consolidated here.